Mihail Gorbaçov

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Mihail Gorbaçov
rusça Михаил Сергеевич Горбачёв
portrait
Doğğan künü 1931 mart 2(1931-03-02)[1][2][3][…]
Doğğan yeri
Ölgen künü 2022 avgust 30(2022-08-30)[4][5] (91 yaşında)
Ölgen yeri
Memleketi
Zenaatı siyasetçi, uquqçı, çevre müiti qorçalayıcı
Ömür arqadaşı Raisa Gorbacheva[d][7]
Balalar Irina Virganskaya[d]
Mukâfatlar
Order of St. Andrew the Apostle the First-Called Order of Honour Order of Lenin Order of Lenin Order of Lenin Order of the October Revolution Order of the Red Banner of Labour Order of the Badge of Honour Medal "For Labour Valour" Jubilee Medal "Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" Medal "For Strengthening of Brotherhood in Arms" Medal "In Commemoration of the 1500th Anniversary of Kyiv" Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres‎ Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany

Collar of the Order of the White Lion[d]

Grand cross of the Order of the White Lion Order of Saint Agatha Grand Cross of the Order of Liberty Order of Christopher Columbus

Nobel Peace Prize[d] (1990)

honorary citizen of Berlin[d] (1992 noyabr 9)

Indira Gandhi Peace Prize[d] (1987)

Princess of Asturias Award for International Cooperation

Philadelphia Liberty Medal[d]

Free Your Mind[d] (2008)

North–South Prize[d]

Alexander Men Prize[d]

Ronald Reagan Freedom Award[d]

Delta Prize for Global Understanding[d]

Champions of the Earth[d] (2006)

Harvey Prize[d] (1992)

Otto Hahn Peace Medal[d] (1989)

Golden Plate Award[d]

Global Economy Prize[d] (2015)

Grawemeyer Award[d] (1994)

Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for Children

honorary doctor of the University of Madrid Complutense[d] (1990)

Honorary citizen of Košice[d] (2018)

Honorary doctor of the University of Liège[d]

honorary doctor of the University of Münster[d]

honorary doctor of the University of Tromsø[d]

Point Alpha Prize[d] (2005)

Environment Prize[d] (2010)

Franz Josef Strauss Award[d] (2011)

Osgar[d] (2005)

Osgar[d] (2009)

Avtograf Изображение автографа
Saytı gorby.ru(rus.)(ing.)
Логотип Викисклада Медиафайлы на Викискладе

Mihail Sergeyeviç Gorbaçov (rusça Михаил Сергеевич Горбачёв) — sovet siyasetçisi, ŞSCBniñ birinci ve soñki prezidenti (1990—1991), Şuralar Birligi Kommunist Fırqasınıñ soñki baş kâtibi (1985—1991). 1989 s. Qırımtatarlarnıñ sürgünligini qanunsız ve cinaiy tanınğan fermannı imzalağan, Qırımtatarlarğa Qırımğa Özbekistandan yol bergen[8]. Gulnara Bekirova yazğanına köre, Gorbaçov kommunist fırqasında qırımtatarlarnıñ qaythanına qarşı edi. Perestroyka (yani ğayrıdan quruvnıñ) yetekçisi. Onıñ vaqtında «Suvuq Cenk» bitti ve ŞSCB dağıldı. ŞSCB yerinde on beş mustaqil devlet peyda oldı.

İhtar[deñiştir | kodunı deñiştir]

  1. Горбачёв Михаил Сергеевич // Большая советская энциклопедия (rus.): [в 30 т.] / под ред. А. М. Прохоров — 3-е изд. — Москва: Советская энциклопедия, 1969.
  2. Michail Gorbatschow // Энциклопедия Брокгауз (нем.) / Hrsg.: Bibliographisches Institut & F. A. Brockhaus, Wissen Media Verlag
  3. Mihail Sergejevič Gorbačov // Proleksis enciklopedija, Opća i nacionalna enciklopedija (хорв.) — 2009.
  4. Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet Leader Who Ended Cold War, Dies at 91 (англ.) // Bloomberg.com — 2022.
  5. https://www.washingtonpost.com/obituaries/2022/08/30/mikhail-gorbachev-soviet-leader-dies/
  6. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-08-30/russian-media-ex-soviet-leader-mikhail-gorbachev-dead-at-91
  7. Gaddis J. L. The Cold War: A New History (англ.) — 1 — USA: Penguin Books. — P. 229. — ISBN 978-0-14-303827-6
  8. Deklaratsiya


Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Şuralar Sotsialistik Cumhuriyetler Birliginiñ liderleri Coat of arms of the Soviet Union 1.svg

Vladimir Lenin | İоsif Stalin | Nikita Hruşçоv | Leоnid Brejnev | Yuriy Andrоpоv | Konstantin Çernenkо | Mihail Gоrbaçоv